(October 20, 1792–August 24, 1863) was a Scottish soldier
Born Colin Macliver or M'Liver to a simple carpenter at Glasgow, Scotland, he was educated at the High School of Glasgow. When only fifteen he watched an inspection of troops by the Duke of York, escorted by his maternal uncle Colonel John Campbell. The duke enlisted the boy under the surname of Campbell, which he adopted for Military life.
Campbell held a command in the American expedition of 1814; and after the peace of the following year he devoted himself to studying military science. In 1823 he quelled the slave rebellion in Demerara, and two years later bought himself a major's rank. In 1832 he became lieutenant-colonel of the 98th Foot. Campbell was next employed in the Sikh War of 1848-49, under Lord Gough.. He was made a KCB in 1849, and specially named in the thanks of Parliament.
When The Crimean War broke out, and he accepted the command of the Highland Brigade. The brigade and its leader distinguished themselves very greatly at the Battle of Alma; and with his "thin red line of Highlanders" he repulsed the Russian attack on Balaklava. At the close
of the war Sir Colin was promoted to Knight Grand Cross of the Bath, and elected honorary D.C.L. of Oxford.
His military ability had been late in being recognised; but his true worth was soon appreciated. The outbreak of the Indian Mutiny called for a general of tried experience; and on July 11, 1857 the command was offered to him by Lord Palmerston. On being asked when he would be ready to set out, Campbell replied, "Within twenty-four hours." He left England the next evening, and reached Calcutta on August 13.
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